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Jun. 2, 2015

 


PRAYAGRAJ
" Ko kahi sakaie prayag prabhau kalush punj kunjar mrigrau 
As tirthpati dekhi suhava sukh sagar Raghubar sukh pawa " 
को कहि सकइ प्रयाग प्रभाऊ। कलुष पुंज कुंजर मृगराऊ।।
अस तीरथपति देखि सुहावा। सुख सागर रघुवर सुखु पावा।। - By Ramcharitmanas
Prayag raj which is like a lion, has its unique importance , and can eliminate the biggest heaps of sins and hence no one is competent to describe its glory in any manner.
Sri Ram , who is the supreme of pleasures,also felt over whelmed by visiting Prayag the king of pilgrimages.
Prayagraj is also known as Tirtha Raj, king of all holy places.

त्रिवेणी माधवं सोमं भरद्वाजं च वासुकीम। वन्दे अक्षयवटं शेषं प्रयागं तीर्थनायकं।। 
सकल कामप्रद तीरथराऊ। वेद विदित जग प्रगट प्रभाऊ।।
The ancient name of the city is Prayag (Sanskrit for "place of sacrifice"), as it is believed to be the spot where Brahma offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. Since its founding, Allahabad has played an important role in the history and cultural life of India. 
The Triveni Sangam in Allahabad is a confluence of 3 rivers, the Ganges, Yamuna, and Saraswati. Of these three, the river Saraswati is invisible and is said to flow underground and join the other two rivers from below. Here the muddy and pale-yellow waters of the Ganges merge with the blue waters of Yamuna. While the Ganges is only 4 feet deep, the Yamuna is 40 feet deep near the point of their nexus. The river Yamuna merges into the Ganges at this point and the Ganges continues on until it meets the sea at the Bay of Bengal. At the confluence of these two great Indian rivers, where the invisible Saraswati conjoins them, many tirtha yatris take boats to bathe from platforms erected in the Sangam. This, together with the migratory birds give a picturesque look to the river during the Kumbha Mela, in the month of January. It is believed that all the gods come in human form to take a dip at the sangam and expiate their sins.

Allahabad was originally founded as Kaushambi Now a separate district by the Kuru rulers of Hastinapur, who developed it as their capital. Since then, Allahabad has often being the political/ cultural/ administrative head of the entire Doab area and beyond. First as Kaushambi, then as Prathisthanpur. Later, the Mughal emperor Akbar renamed Prayag as Allahabad in 1526 and made it a prominent administrative centre again. As a large and growing city, Allahabad is home to many well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India. Many government offices of both central and state government lie within the city. Allahabad has hosted many large cultural and sporting events, including Kumbh Mela. Although Allahabad's economy was built on tourism, its main revenue now comes from real estate and financial services.


Dashaswamedh Ghat
Prayag Raj is the king of all pilgrimage centers because Lord Brahma conducted first (pra) ten yajnas (yag) there at Dashaswamedh Ghat also located in Daraganj. Considering that Lord Brahma lives one hundred celestial years- equivalent to 311 trillion 40 billion earth years, and we are currently in fiftyfifth year of Brahma, and assumimg that Brahma performed first ten Yajnas when he was twenty years of age, it is established that it happened 110 trillions years ago."Lord Brahmā's day, consisting of his 12 hours, lasts 4 billion 320 million years, and his night is of the same duration. (Shrimad Bhagavatam)
Lord Rama visited Prayag twice. The first stay was at Bharadwaj Ashram which still exists near University of Allahabad. Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshmana visited the Veni Madhav Temple during their fourteen year long exile and it was at Daraganj where "Nishad", the king of boatsmen, helped them cross the Ganges river. After killing Ravana,the "Pushpak Viman" carrying Lord Rama, Lakshman and Hanuman and the victorious army of monkeys and bears stopped over at Prayag again where Lord Rama and Lakshman did "prayashchit" for having killed Brahmanas. This happened 1.7 million years ago in Treta Yuga. NASA photographs confirm the bridge made of boulders between Sri Lanka and India and predict it to be 1.7 million years old. The famous debate between Shankaracharya and Mandan Mishra and his learned wife Bharati Mishra took place in 700 AD- Bharati Mishra was the judge. When the couple lost the philosophical debate and was about to enter alive in the pyre- according to "rules of engagement" in those days- Shankaracharya granted them pardon and right to live, and preach Vedic knowledge rather than Buddhism.
About 500 years ago, Lord Chaitanya preached the essential principals of devotion to Rupa Goswami for ten days at Dashaswamedh Ghat. There is a plaque bearing the historic marking "Rupa Shikshsthali" at Dashaswamedh Ghat. Not far is another plaque bearing the foot prints of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Veni Madhava Temple, where Lord Chaitanya used to sing and dance everyday. Lord Chaitanya stayed for three nights at "Naag Vasuki " Mandir. About 500 years ago, Mirabai visited Daraganj and composed famous devotional poem "chalo man Ganga Yamuna teer". In 483 AD, Moghul Emperor Akbar named Prayag as Ilahabad - City of God- also called Allahabad. Founder of Arya Samaj Dayanand Saraswati too stayed at " Naag Vasuki " Mandir for three nights.
It is an important religious center with hundreds of Hindu temples, such as Dashaswamedh Temple, Veni-Madhav Temple, Naag-Vasuki Temple,"Bhishma Shaiya", Bade Hanumaanji Temple, and Sri Jagannath Temple. Thus, it is considered inappropriate to skip the visit to Dashaswamedh temple after bathing in the holy river of Ganges at the Daraganj Ghat. Next to Daraganj is the "Alopi Devi Mandir", It is a temple dedicated to "Mother Sati", the wife of Lord Shiva. The story as told in Puranas suggests that the Alopi Temple was the place where the last remains of Mother Sati fell, when Shiva was sadly carrying them around the world. To bring Lord Shiva out of his mourning, Lord Vishnu threw his "Chakra' at the remains causing the remains to drop at various places on the earth. The last piece of the remains dropped at this place. Hence the place came to be known as "Alopi" meaning disappearance (of remains). 


Kumbh MelaHoly Dip Dates: Maha Kumbh Mela 2013


"मेषराशिगतेजीवेमकरेचन्द्रभास्करौ। अमावस्यातदायोगःकुम्भख्यस्तीर्थनायके।। "
In the event of entrance of Jupiter in Aries circle and entrance of Sun and Moon in Capricorn Kumbh Festival is held at Prayag on the lunar conjunction day .
Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage in which Hindus gather at the Ganges and river Yamuna, where bathing for purification from sin is considered especially efficacious. 
The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad, the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years, at four places Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. The Maha (great) Kumbh Mela which comes after 12 'Purna Kumbh Melas', or 144 years, is held at Allahabad.

According to the Mela Administration's estimates, around 70 million people participated in the 45-day Ardh Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, in 2007.
In Hindu tradition Triveni Sangam is the "confluence" of three rivers. Sangama is the Sanskrit word for confluence. The point of confluence is a sacred place for Hindus. A bath here is said to wash away all of one's sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth

मकरे च दिवा नाथे ह्‍म‍जगें च बृहस्पतौ कुम्भ योगोभवेत्तत्र प्रयागे ह्‌यति दूलर्भ
When entrance of Sun in Capricorn and entrance of Jupiter in Taurus Kumbh Festival is held at Prayag. Kumbh Mela is for pilgrims to bath at certain sacred spots on certain auspicious days. A large tented city is erected and pilgrims stay at tents owned by Pandas "religious and spiritual guides" and at various ashrams and hotels. Others will just camp on the ground or visit for the actual bathing day. Some of these bathing days are designated "royal." On all the major bathing dates, the naga sadhus will parade and bathe. On all other days there will still be people bathing, other events, and random Processions.


Kalpavasa

The melas that take place along India’s rivers are among the most striking forms of Hindu pilgrimage. Prayaga, the King of Tirthas, also is host to the greatest of all melas. Once a year, during the winter month of Magha, in January and February, the great sandy flood plain of the Triveni becomes a huge encampment of pilgrims. This is called Magha Mela, a monthlong 
festival that brings in a steady flow of pilgrims from all over India. It is also a great convocation of gurus and pandits, saints and sadhus. 
The mountains and rivers of India, along with the gods themselves, come to Prayaga during the month of Magha, joining the vast assembly of pilgrims, sages and saints. Bathing there in Magha is said to free one from rebirth, and so it is that even the gods yearn to come to Prayaga during Magha. The Matsya Purana tells us During the month of Magha, sixty thousand tirthas and six hundred million sacred streams are to be found at the confluence of the Ganga and the 
Yamuna.” One particularly exuberant mahatmya from the Padma Purana claims that although Kashi bestows liberation by the illumining knowledge imparted by the taraka mantra given to all who die there, Prayaga bestows liberation even without knowledge! So it is that this place, they say, is the most sacred on the surface of the earth.
While the whole month of Magha is holy, there are three days when an especially large influx of pilgrims comes for the auspicious bath at Prayaga – the day of Makar Sankranti, when the sun enters the sign of Capricorn, the amavasya day, when there is no moon, and the purnima day, when the moon is full. Most auspicious of all, however, is to spend the whole month there, a 
tradition that is called kalpavasa, said to bring the merit accumulated by Lord Brahma during his full lifetime, which lasts a kalpa – 432 million years.
Every twelve years, this Magha Mela becomes the Kumbha Mela, the world’s largest mass pilgrimage. The Kumbha Mela is rightly famous throughout the world for its incredible size, its sprawling encampments of followers of every sect and strand of Hinduism, its processions of sadhus who seem to appear from a multitude of monasteries, mathas and caves for the occasion.


Kumbh Mela is for pilgrims to bath at certain sacred spots on certain auspicious days. A large tented city is erected and pilgrims stay at tents owned by Pandas (religious and spiritual guides) and at various ashrams and hotels. Others will just camp on the ground or visit for the actual bathing day. Some of these bathing days are designated "royal." On all the major bathing dates, the naga sadhus (naked mendicants) will parade and bathe. On all other days there will still be people bathing, other events, and random Processions.


Hanuman Temple (Mandir)

This temple is unique temple situated in sangam area adjacent to the Allahabad Fort and is rare unique type of temple , because Here the statue of Shri Hanuman Ji is in laying down state.
Therefore for his glimpse devotees have to step down through stairs cases The statue is huge in size .
Every year maa ganga flow over this temple and sub merge the statue of shri Hamuman ji to give a bath to Shri hanuman ji .
It is told that the British Government had tried to dig out this statue and replace the temple with the statue of shri hanuman ji to some other place but as the digging stared to remove this statue from the temple statue instead of coming out of its original place started entering inside the ground.
This is the reason for the temple is now a pond. 
Hanuman Temple, Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh in India is famous for being the only temple where Lord Hanuman is seen in a recline posture. The Hanuman Temple is a very Holy Place in Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh in India. An interesting fact about this Hanuman Temple in Allahabad is that the temple gets submerged when the water level of the Ganges rises up. 
The mythical story regarding the Hanuman Temple in Allahabad says that the water of the river Ganges rises to touch the feet of the Lord Hanuman’s idol. Hanuman Temple has emerged as a major tourist attraction in Allahabad also because of the fact that people from all religion and all walks of life can visit this temple at any time of the year. Hanuman Mandir is a major tourist attraction in Allahabad and huge number of devotees comes to Allahabad to visit this holy edifice every year. Hanuman Mandir boasts of the country’s rich mythological heritage. 
Hanuman Temple is a must-visit for every devotees and people who have faith in God, while they are on a Tour to Allahabad. Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh in India is known as a famous Hindu pilgrimage. The convergence of the three holy rivers of India, those are Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati makes Allahabad one of the most holy places in India. Allahabad is often referred to as Prayag. The other attractions in Allahabad are the Mahakumbh that is held once every twelve years and the several other temples present.

HanumanChalisa 
Bajrang Baan


Alopi Devi

Alopi Devi Mandir is situated in Alopibagh in Allahabad in state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is near to the holy Sangam, or confluence, where the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the legendary Sarasvati meet. Kumbh Mela is near to this place.
This temple is peculiar in a way that there is no statue of any Deity in this temple rather there is a wooden carriage or 'doli' which is worshipped. The origin of the name, Alopi (disappeared) Bagh lies in the Hindu belief that when after the death of his wife Sati, the grieving Lord Shiva travelled through skies with her dead body. Lord Vishnu, to relieve him from this agony, threw his Chakra at the corpse, resulting in the fall of various parts of the body at various places in India, which were sanctified by the touch of the Goddess' body parts and hence were thereby deemed holy places for pilgrimage. The last part fell at this location thereby named as "Alopi" (where disappearance was concluded)and the holiest of all.
The other more convincing version dates back to the time when the entire region was covered by dense forests infested with dreaded dacoits. Once upon a time in that forest happened to pass a marriage procession. Marriage processions, in those days used to be the most vulnerable targets of robbers as they used to return loaded with gold and other riches. While deep into the jungle this marriage party found itself surrounded by robbers, robbers after killing all the men and looting the wealth turned to the 'doli' or carriage of the bride. To their dismay when they unveiled the carriage they found there was no one inside. The bride had magically disappeared. The word went around, history became legend and legend became myth. A temple came up at the site where this incident had happened and locals started worshiping the bride as "Alopi Devi" or the 'virgin goddess who had disappeared'. However, this story provides no convincing explanation as to why the place would be deemed so holy.
Alopi Devi continues to be worshiped by thousands of people living in the region who share every festival, marriage, birth and death with their guarding deity.

This temple is one of the Shaktipeeth of Lalita Devi. It is believed that fingers of Sati had fallen here but those parts disappeared from here that is why the goddess is known as Alopi Shankari Devi. The temple is unique in the sense that it doesn’t house any idol. A wooden jhula above a square marbled platform is the main deity, which is worshipped. Coconut & chunari are offered to the deity. Devotees gather here in large numbers during Navratries (Dushehra).

It is a temple dedicated to "Mother Sati", the wife of Lord Shiva. The story as told in Puranas suggests that the Alopi Temple was the place where the last remains of Mother Sati fell, when Shiva was sadly carrying them around the world. To bring Lord Shiva out of his mourning, Lord Vishnu threw his "Chakra' at the remains causing the remains to drop at various places on the earth. The last piece of the remains dropped at this place. Hence the place came to be known as "Alopi" meaning disappearance (of remains).


Nagvasuki temple

Nagvasuki temple is located on the banks of the river Ganga, in Daraganj on the northern side of the railway bridge. The temple is dedicated to Vasuki, the king of serpents. On the occasion of Nag Panchami day every year, a fair is held near the temple. A large idol of Bishmapita is seen in a reclined position near the temple.
In Matsya Puran it is mentioned that it extends from Pratishthana to the pond of Vasuki and as fa as the abodes of the Nagas (Kumbala, Ashvatara and Bahumulaka), places not identified due to the lack of evidence. That Vasuki is Nag Vasuki Temple in Daraganj. It is on the bank of Ganga and an annual fair is held on occasion of Nag Panchami.
The temple is unique in the sense that Nag Vasuki is the main deity of the temple and its stone idol is located in the centre. It is believed that around 10th century an old temple must have existed here. A Maratha king Shridhar Bhonsle had constructed the present temple. Construction of the temple reveals that the temple is not older than 18th century and is a fine example of medieval architecture. An annual fair is held here on the occasion of Nag Panchami.


Bharadwaj Ashram

Bharadwaja rishi also spelled Bhardwaj was one of the greatest Hindu sages (Maharshis) descendant of rishi Angirasa, whose accomplishments are detailed in the Puranas. He is one of the Saptarshis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Kashyapa. Bharadwaja Barhaspatya is the progenitor of the Bharadwaja family and the family is attributed as the composers of Mandala 6 of the Rig Veda. Mandala 6 is known as the Bharadwaja Family Book as all its 75 hymns are composed by a member of this family over several centuries. He is believed to be a contemporary of King Bharata. Bharadwaja and his descendants were respected and powerful priests/rishis of several clans/dynasties of the Puru tribe, such as the Bharatas and the Panchalas. Bhardwaj is the upper most caste among all brahmins. Bhardwaj Maharishi was a sage of the Vedic times. He was the son of Brihaspati. He attained extraordinary scholarship. He had the great power of meditation.[3] He is also the author of Ayurveda. His Ashram still exists at the holy Prayag (Allahabad). 
According to Hindu mythology this place was the ashram of Rishi Bharadwaj in Treta Period and was a famous education centre of that time. Lord Shri Ram visited the ashram, while proceeding for exile to Chitrakoot. Mahadev, Bhardwaj Rishi, Kali Devi, Bharadwajeshwar (Shiva) & Santoshi Mata temple, in all 11 small & big temples are located inside the premises. A beautiful Bharadwaj park is also located nearby.

At This is the area where ancient sage Bharadwaj used to live. Now, at this location, there is a temple and small garden. .